Artificial Synovial Fluid Injection
Paolo Hospital Phaholyothin
04-Jan-2021
Deterioration is most commonly found at the knee joint. In people 60 and above, it will disturb the way of the patients’ life.
Why artificial synovial fluid injection is needed?
Artificial synovial fluid injection is a method that can help treat knee osteoarthritis in case the medication or physical therapy is unable to improve the symptoms. Normally, the knee joint between the articular surfaces is infiltrated with viscosity which acts like a synovial fluid that produces lubrication and reduces the force and friction.

Long useful life…deteriorates the knee joint
Knee osteoarthritis occurs from long and continuous usage that deteriorates the articular cartilage and reduces the synovial fluid. Therefore, patients will feel pain in the joint while moving. The knee will be out of shape, which will affect the quality of daily life. Knee osteoarthritis can be found in elderly people 50-60 and above on average. Currently, it tends to occur faster due to wrong behavior in daily life, such as being overweight, sitting cross-legged, kneeling, and squatting. Therefore, the behaviors that can lead to the deterioration of the knee joint should be avoided.

How can artificial synovial fluid injection be done?
The doctor will inject the medicine into the knee joint with the pain, 1 time per week for 3-5 consecutive weeks. After the injection, the patient will be able to move better. The injection can reduce the pain. Its action reduces inflammation and improves the cell function in the joint. When the injection is complete, the pain will disappear for 6 months – 1 year on average, depending on the severity and practice of the patients, which can lead to better life quality. (The treatment result will depend on the starting period of the treatment. If the treatment is started from the initial stage of the knee osteoarthritis, the joint can exist for a long time.) The substance that is used in the injection is Hyaluronic Acid (HA), which is a substance in the synovial fluid of humans. It is sticky and flexible, and can reduce the compression and force on the joint, especially the articular surface.
Safe with treatment standard for the maximum benefit of the patient
Before receiving the treatment, the doctor will ask for a thorough history of the patient for maximum benefit. Artificial synovial fluid injection is not recommended to those who have a joint infection or skin disease around the injection area. Artificial synovial fluid injection does not cause harmful side effects. Only pain, swelling, and reddening may occur like a normal injection. These symptoms will heal themselves. You can use an ice compression to heal the symptoms faster. After the injection, it is recommended to stop using the joint for at least 2 days.

Paolo Hospital Phaholyothin Tel : 0-2271-7000